In normal housing markets, Americans want move-in ready homes. But the post-pandemic housing market is far from normal, and soaring prices have home shoppers changing their expectations.
According to a TD Bank survey of Americans aiming to buy their first home in 2021, fully 71 percent aren’t looking for a dream home. Instead, they’re shopping for a starter home or fixer-upper.
For buyers frustrated by the lack of inventory and rocketing prices, older homes can be a good compromise. Of course, buying a fixer-upper means you’re taking on a project, one fraught with uncertainty.
Scott Lindner, national sales director at TD Bank Mortgage, says buyers need to prepare for the special challenges that accompany home renovations, such as dealing with contractors and making endless runs to Home Depot. He fields some questions about the fixer-upper trend:
Q: What’s driving the interest in fixer-uppers?
A: We’re seeing prices rise. The National Association of Realtors says prices rose 23.6 percent from May 2020 to May 2021. This low inventory has been out there as an issue since the financial crisis of 2008. We haven’t really been adding a lot of inventory.
Q: What types of loans are available for renovations?
A: Many lenders have an FHA 203(k) loan which allows people to buy a fixer-upper. If it’s a smaller amount, you can do the old credit card balance — but you also need to understand what that means from an interest-rate perspective.
If you already own the home, a home-equity loan is an option. Many home equity loans will go up to a 90 percent loan-to-value ratio. And with interest rates where they are today, if you didn’t refinance in the last year and a half, it might make sense to go ahead and do a cash-out refinance.
Q: What advice do you give a first-time buyer considering a fixer-upper?
A: First and foremost, be part of the inspection process. Buyers don’t always take this seriously. Maybe they hang out in the living room while the inspector makes his rounds. You should become attached at the hip. Really look at the inspector as a person to go around with and learn about the property.
Also, a great way to buy a house is to put in a lot of sweat equity. If you can do a lot of work yourself, you can potentially save a lot of money.
There’s the potential of discovering additional issues, so be cognizant of cost overruns.
Q: What’s a common mistake made by buyers of fixer-uppers?
A: The biggest and most hurtful mistake is underestimating the cost of your renovation. No matter how well you think you estimate, there are always surprises. You have to assume that there are going to be cost overruns. It’s better to go into it anticipating that. Probably in the back of your mind you should be thinking of a 15 to 20 percent cost overrun.